Causes of Crime

“Society prepares the crime; the criminal commits it”

  • Henry Thomas Buckle
    By the twenty-first century criminologists looked to a wide range of factors to
    explain why a person would commit crimes. There are certain factors
    in our societies, cultures (family values), system (educational, political,
    law-enforcement…), economy, and so on that endorse the potential of criminal
    activities of an individual. Usually a combination of these factors is behind a
    person who commits a crime reasons for committing a crime include greed,
    anger, jealously, revenge, or pride. Some people decide to commit a crime
    and carefully plan everything in advance to increase gain and decrease risk.
    These people are making choices about their behavior; some even consider a life
    of crime better than a regular job—believing crime brings in greater
    rewards, admiration, and excitement—at least until they are caught.
    Others get an adrenaline rush when successfully carrying out a dangerous
    crime. Others commit crimes on impulse, out of rage or fear. In this article I
    will discuss few root social causes of committing a crime and some
    methods of discouraging the choice of crime. I have chosen only social causes,
    because from my point of view people are good by default, only the social factors
    create the criminals.

Root causes of committing a crime

1.Poor parenting skills
Children who are neglected or abused are more likely to commit crimes later in
life than others. Similarly, sexual abuse in childhood often leads these victims to
become sexual predators as adults.
Fatherlessness is also one of underestimated cause of crime.

  1. Peer influence
    A person’s peer group strongly influences a decision to commit crime. For
    example, young boys and girls who do not fit into expected standards of
    academic achievement can sometimes become lost in the competition.
    Children of families who cannot afford adequate clothing or school supplies can
    also fall into the same trap. Researchers believe these youths may abandon

schoolmates in favor of criminal gangs, since membership in a gang earns respect
and status in a different manner. In gangs, antisocial behavior and criminal
activity earns respect and street credibility. Like society in general, criminal
gangs are usually focused on material gain. Gangs, however, resort to
extortion, fraud, and theft as a means of achieving it.

  1. Drugs and alcohol
    Some social factors pose an especially strong influence over a person’s
    ability to make choices. Drug and alcohol abuse is one such factor. The
    urge to commit crime to support a drug habit definitely influences the
    decision process. Both drugs and alcohol impair judgment and reduce
    inhibitions (socially defined rules of behavior), giving a person greater courage to
    commit a crime. Deterrents such as long prison sentences have little
    meaning when a person is high or drunk.
  2. Income and education
    Many prisoners could not read or write above elementary school levels, if at all.
    The most common crimes committed by these inmates were robbery,
    burglary, automobile theft, drug trafficking, and shoplifting. Because of
    their poor educational backgrounds, their employment histories consisted
    of mostly low wage jobs with frequent periods of unemployment. People must
    make a choice between long-term low income and the prospect of profitable
    crime. Gaining further education, of course, is another option, but classes can be
    expensive and time consuming. While education can provide the chance to
    get a better job, it does not always overcome the effects of abuse, poverty,
    or other limiting factors.
  3. TV violence
    6.Easy access
    Another factor many criminologists consider key to making a life of crime
    easier is the availability of handguns in society. Many firearms used in crimes are
    stolen or purchased illegally (bought on what is called the “black market”).
    Firearms provide a simple means of committing a crime while allowing offenders
    some distance or detachment from their victims. By the beginning of the twenty-
    first century firearm use was the eighth leading cause of death in the world.
    Similarly, the increased availability of free information on the Internet also makes

it easy to commit certain kinds of crime. Web sites provide instructions on how to
make bombs and buy poisons. Easy access, however, will not be the primary
factor in a person’s decision to commit a crime. Other factors—biological,
psychological, or social—will also come into play.

  1. Hot weather
    Studies have suggested that warmer temperatures boost aggression
    hormones such as epinephrine and testosterone. It has long been known
    by police officers that cold winter nights.
    By Nailah John
    President of LOVNSVG